SandbergDavid New

David E. Sandberg, Ph.D.

Professor, Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases
Director, Division of Child Behavioral Health

300 North Ingalls
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-5456

Office: 734-615-1958; Fax: 734-264-2599

E-mail: dsandber[at]med.umich[dot]edu

Curriculum Vitae

Biography, Education, Peer-Reviewed Publications, Projects


Dr. Sandberg is a pediatric psychologist and clinical researcher. As a clinician, he delivers psychoeducational and behavioral health services to persons with endocrine disorders and their families, in particular, conditions affecting linear growth or disorders of sex development (DSD). DSD are congenital conditions in which development of chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomic sex is atypical.

Dr. Sandberg's research program is closely linked to his clinical service and includes the study of the psychosocial aspects of short stature and the effects of growth hormone on quality of life outcomes. His research group also examines the psychosocial adaptation of persons born with DSD, and their families. He shares the role of principal investigator in a registry-based translational research network for DSD designed to extend discoveries in the genetics and pathophysiology of these conditions (DSD-Translational Research Network, NIH R01 HD068138). The network will standardize procedures in diagnosis and clinical decision-making and develop tools necessary to translate diagnostic and treatment protocols into clinical best practices.

Dr. Sandberg's focus on the psychosocial aspects of DSD is also reflected in the development of a psychoeducational treatment manual for clinicians caring for newborns with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) identified by newborn screen (subcontract to the National Newborn Screening and Genetics Resource Center). This preliminary work led to a grant (PI: Sandberg) to create a web-based platform for both providers and parents of newborns/young children with CAH (NIH R41 HD057714).

Dr. Sandberg has also been awarded a grant (PI: Sandberg, NIH R01 HD053637), to design health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measures that focus on issues specific to, and shared by young children with DSD and their families, which are not otherwise covered by generic HRQoL measures .

Genital surgery in young children with DSD is among the most controversial topics in the management of these conditions. To ensure that decisions made by parents in consultation with their child's providers are evidence-based, balanced, and fully informed, Dr. Sandberg was recently awarded a contract from the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI 1360). This multisite project that involves the input of provider specialists from multiple disciplines, representatives of DSD patient support/advocacy organizations and parents of affected children, will deliver a web-based decision support tool.


Post-Doctoral Research Scientist in Psychiatry, College of Physicians & Surgeons of Columbia University, New York, 1988
Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Miami Medical School, Miami, 1983
Ph.D., Psychology (Concentrations: Clinical and Behavioral Endocrinology), Concordia University, Montreal, 1982
M.A., Experimental Psychology, Bar-Ilan University, Israel, 1977
B.A., Psychology, Bar-Ilan University, Israel, 1975

Peer-Reviewed Publications
Refereed Journals, Letters to the Editor, Editorial Commentaries, Invited Articles/Commentaries.

(* denotes psychology/medical student, resident, or fellow supervised by Sandberg)

(A) Refereed Journals

Rolston AM*, Gardner M, Vilain E, Sandberg DE.  
Parental reports of stigma associated with child’s disorder of sex development (DSD).  
International Journal of Endocrinology, in press.

Wisniewski AB., Sandberg DE.
Parenting children with DSD: A developmental perspective beyond gender.
Hormone and Metabolic Research, 2015, in revision.

Siminoff L, Sandberg DE.
Promoting shared decision making in DSD: decision aids and support tools. 
Hormone and Metabolic Research, 2015, in revision.

Sandberg DE, Wisniewski AB.
Disorders of sex development (DSD): Networking and standardization considerations.
Hormone and Metabolic Research, 2015, in revision.

Sandberg DE, Gardner M.
Short Stature: Is it a psychosocial problem and does changing height matter?
Pediatric Clinics of North America, in press.

Hanauer, DA, Gardner, M, & Sandberg, DE.
Unbiased Identification of Patients with Disorders of Sex Development
PLoS ONE, 9(9), e108702. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0108702.

Arboleda VA, Sandberg DE, Vilain E.
DSDs: genetics, underlying pathologies and psychosexual differentiation
Nature Reviews Endocrinology 2014, advance online publication 5 August 2014; doi:10.1038/nrendo.2014.130.

Boyse KL, Gardner M, Marvicsin DJ, Sandberg DE.
“It was an overwhelming thing”: Parents’ needs after infant diagnosis with CAH.
Journal of Pediatric Nursing 2014; e-pub ahead of print, 15 January 2014.

Ahmed SF, Gardner M, Sandberg DE.
Management of children with DSD - new care standards explained.
Psychology and Sexuality 2014; 5(1),5-14.

Laventhal NT, Shuchman M, Sandberg DE.
Warning about warnings: weighing risk and benefit when information is in a state of flux.
Hormone Research in Pædiatrics 2013; 79(1):4-8.

Arboleda VA, Lee H, Sanchez F, Delot EC, Sandberg DE, Grody W, Nelson SF, Vilain E.
Targeted massively parallel sequencing provides comprehensive genetic diagnosis for patients with disorders of sex development.
Clinical Genetics 2013 Clinical Genetics, 83(1), 35-43.

Kogan BA, Gardner M, Alpern AN, Cohen LM, Grimley MB, Quittner AL, Sandberg DE.
Challenges of DSD: Diverse perceptions across stakeholders.
Hormone Research in Paediatrics 2012;78(1):40-6.

Sandberg DE.
Management of disorders of sex development: Editorial commentary.
Pediatric Clinics of North America 2012;59(4):871-880.

Sandberg DE, Gardner M, Cohen-Kettenis PT.
Psychological aspects of the treatment of patients with disorders of sex development.
Seminars in Reproductive Medicine 2012;30(5):443-452.

Gardner M, Sandberg DE.
Growth hormone treatment for short stature: A review of psychosocial assumptions and empirical evidence.
Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews 2011;9(2):579-588.

Crissman HP,* Warner L,* Gardner M, Carr M,* Schast A, Quittner AL, Kogan B, Sandberg DE.
Children with disorders of sex development: A qualitative study of early parental experience.
International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2011. 2011:10.

Sandberg DE.
Psychosocial aspects of short stature and its management: good deeds require good science.
Horm Res Pædiatr. 2011;76 Suppl 3:37-9.

Sandberg DE.
Short stature: psychosocial interventions.
Horm Res Pædiatr. 2011;76 Suppl 3:29-32.

Auchus RJ, Witchel SF, Leight KR, Aisenberg J, Azziz R, Bachega TA, Baker LA, Baratz AB, Baskin LS, Berenbaum SA, Breault DT, Cerame BI, Conway GS, Eugster EA, Fracassa S, Gearhart JP, Geffner ME, Harris KB, Hurwitz RS, Katz AL, Kalro BN, Lee PA, Alger Lin G, Loechner KJ, Marshall I, Merke DP, Migeon CJ, Miller WL, Nenadovich TL, Oberfield SE, Pass KA, Poppas DP, Lloyd-Puryear MA, Quigley CA, Riepe FG, Rink RC, Rivkees SA, Sandberg DE, Schaeffer TL, Schlussel RN, Schneck FX, Seely EW, Snyder D, Speiser PW, Therrell BL, Vanryzin C, Vogiatzi MG, Wajnrajch MP, White PC, Zuckerman AE.
Guidelines for the Development of Comprehensive Care Centers for Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia: Guidance from the CARES Foundation Initiative.
Int J Pediatr Endocrinol. 2010;2010:275213.

Richter-Appelt H, Sandberg DE.
Should disorders of sex development be an exclusion criterion for gender identity disorder in DSM 5?
International Journal of Transgenderism 2010;12(2):94- 99.

Stout SA*, Litvak M*, Robbins NM*, Sandberg DE.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia: review of studies employing psychological endpoints.
Int J Pediatr Endocrinol. 2010;2010:191520.

Lee JM, Appugliese D, Coleman SM, Kaciroti N, Corwyn RF, Bradley RH, Sandberg DE, Lumeng JC.
Short Stature in a Population-Based Cohort: Social, Emotional, and Behavioral Functioning.
Pediatrics 2009;124 (3):903-910.

Bullinger M, Koltowska-Häggström M, Sandberg DE, Chaplin J, Wollmann H, Noeker M, Brütt AL.
Health-related quality of life of children and adolescents with growth hormone deficiency or idiopathic short stature – Part 2: Available results and future directions.
Hormone Research, 2009;72:74– 81.

Brütt, AL, Sandberg DE, Chaplin J, Wollmann H, Noeker M, Koltowska-Häggström M, Bullinger, M.
Assessment of health-related quality of life and patient satisfaction in children and adolescents with growth hormone deficiency or idiopathic short stature – Part 1: A critical evaluation of available tools.
Hormone Research, 2009;72:65–73.

Cohen P, Rogol AD, Deal CL, Saenger P, Reiter EO, Ross JL, Chernausek SD, Savage MO, Wit JM on behalf of the 2007 ISS Consensus Workshop participants.
Consensus statement on the diagnosis and treatment of children with idiopathic short stature: A summary of the Growth Hormone Research Society, the Lawson Wilkins Pediatric Endocrine Society and the European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology Workshop.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 2008;93:4210-4217.

Perrin MA, Chen H, Sandberg DE, Malaspina D, Brown AS.
Growth trajectory during early life and risk of adult schizophrenia.
British Journal of Psychiatry. 2007;191:512-520.

Hughes I, Houk C, Ahmed F, Lee PA, LWPES/ESPE Consensus Group.
Consensus statement on management of intersex disorders.
Archives of Diseases in Childhood. 2006;91:554-563. Also published in Journal of Pædiatric Urology; Clinical Pædiatric Endocrinology; Pediatrics (e-publication, printed summary).

Sandberg DE, Colsman M.*
Growth hormone treatment of short stature: status of the quality of life rationale. A mini-review.
Hormone Research. 2005;63:275-283.

Meyer-Bahlburg HFL, Blizzard RM (written on behalf of the participants).
Conference proceedings: Research on intersex. Summary of a planning workshop.
Endocrinologist. 2004;14:59-69.

Ross JL, Sandberg DE, Rose SR, Leschek EW, Baron J, Chipman JJ, Cassorla FG, Quigley CA, Crowe BJ, Roberts K, Cutler Jr, GB.
Psychological adaptation in children with idiopathic short stature treated with growth hormone or placebo. J
ournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2004;89:4873-4878.

Voss LD, Sandberg DE.
The psychological burden of short stature. Evidence against.
European Journal of Endocrinology. 2004;151:S29- S33.

Mazur T, Sandberg DE, Perrin MA*, Gallagher JA*, MacGillivray MH.
Male pseudohermaphroditism: long-term quality of life outcome in five 46,XY individuals reared female.
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2004;17 (6):809-823.

Sandberg DE, Bukowski WM, Fung CM*, Noll RB.
Height and social adjustment: Are extremes a cause for concern and action?
Pediatrics. 2004;114:744–750.

Stein MT, Sandberg DE, Mazur T, Eugster E, Daaboul J.
A newborn infant with a disorder of sexual differentiation.
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 2003;24:115-119.

Sandberg DE, Vena JE, Weiner J, Beehler GP*, Swanson M, Meyer-Bahlburg HFL.
Hormonally active agents in the environment and children’s behavior: assessing effects on children’s gender-dimorphic outcomes.
Epidemiology. 2003;14:148-155.

Sandberg DE, Voss L.
The psychosocial consequences of short stature: A review of the evidence. Baillière’s Best Practice & Research.
Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2002;16(3):449-463.

Beehler GP*, Weiner JM, McCann SE, Vena JE, Sandberg DE.
Identification of sport fish consumption patterns in families of recreational anglers through factor analysis.
Environmental Research. 2002;89:19-28.

Sandberg DE, Meyer-Bahlburg HFL, Hensle TW, Levitt SB, Kogan SJ, Reda EF.
Psychosocial adaptation of middle childhood boys with hypospadias after genital surgery.
Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 2001;26:465-475.

Sandberg DE.
The quality-of-life benefits of growth hormone-increased final height: what do we know?
The Endocrinologist. 2001;11(4)(Suppl 1):8S-14S.

Meyer-Bahlburg HFL, Dolezal C, Sandberg DE.
The association of sexual behavior with externalizing behaviors in a community sample of prepubertal children.
Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality. 2000;12:61-79.

Hunt L*, Hazen RA*, Sandberg DE.
Perceived versus measured height: Which is the stronger predictor of psychosocial functioning?
Hormone Research. 2000;53:129-138.

Sandberg DE, MacGillivray MH.
Growth hormone therapy in childhood-onset growth hormone deficiency: adult anthropometric and psychological outcomes.
Endocrine. 2000;12:173-182.

Sandberg DE.
Should short children who are not deficient in growth hormone be treated?
Western Journal of Medicine. 2000;172:186-189.

Fornari V, Wlodarczyk-Bisaga K, Matthews M, Sandberg DE, Mandel FS, Katz JL.
Perception of family functioning and depressive symptomatology in individuals with anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa.
Comprehensive Psychiatry. 1999;40:434-441.

Bukowski WM, Sandberg DE.
Peer relations: the bread and thread of life.
Acta Paediatrica. 1999;88:108- 109.

MacGillivray MH, Blethen SL, Buchlis JG, Clopper RR, Sandberg DE, Conboy TA.
Current dosing of growth hormone in children with growth hormone deficiency: How physiologic?
Pediatrics. 1998;102 (Suppl):527-530.

Sandberg DE, Ognibene TC*, Brook AE*, Barrick C*, Shine B, Grundner W.
Academic adjustment among children and adolescents receiving growth hormone therapy.
Children’s Health Care. 1998;27:265- 282.

Sandberg DE, MacGillivray MH, Clopper RR, Fung C*, LeRoux L*, Alliger DE.*
Quality of life (QOL) among formerly treated child- onset growth hormone-deficient (GHD) adults: a comparison with unaffected siblings.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 1998;83:1134- 1142.

Campos SP, Sandberg DE, Barrick C*, Voorhess ML, MacGillivray MH.
Outcome following lower L-thyroxine dose for treatment of congenital hypothyroidism.
Clinical Pediatrics. 1995;October:514-520.

Sandberg DE, Meyer-Bahlburg HFL, Yager TJ, Hensle TW, Levitt SB, Kogan, SJ, Reda EF.
Gender development in boys born with hypospadias.
Psychoneuroendocrinology. 1995;20:693-709.

Sandberg DE, Barrick C.*
Endocrine disorders in childhood: a selective review of educational sequelae.
School Psychology Review. 1995;24:144-168.

Meyer-Bahlburg HFL, Sandberg DE, Yager TJ, Dolezal CL, Ehrhardt AA.
Questionnaire scales for the assessment of atypical gender development in girls and boys.
Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality. 1994;6:19- 39.

Fornari VM, Braun DL, Sunday SR, Sandberg DE, et al.
Seasonal patterns in eating disorder subgroups.
Comprehensive Psychiatry. 1994;35:450-456.

Sandberg DE, Brook AE*, Campos SP.
Short stature: a psychosocial burden requiring growth hormone therapy?
Pediatrics. 1994;94:832- 840.

Meyer-Bahlburg HFL, Sandberg DE, Dolezal CL, Yager TJ.
Gender-related assessment of childhood play.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 1994;22:643-660.

Sandberg DE, Meyer-Bahlburg HFL.
Variability in middle childhood play behavior: effects of gender, age and family background.
Archives of Sexual Behavior. 1994;23:645-662.

Sandberg DE, Meyer-Bahlburg HFL, Yager TJ.
Feminine gender-role behavior and academic achievement: their relation in a community sample of middle childhood boys.
Sex Roles. 1993; 29:125-140.

Sandberg DE, Meyer-Bahlburg HFL, Ehrhardt AA, Yager TJ.
The prevalence of gender-atypical behavior in elementary school children.
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 1993;32:306- 314.

Sandberg DE.
Recent developments in the study of the psychosocial aspects of short stature.
Growth, Genetics & Hormones. 1992;8:5-6.

Fornari V, Kaplan M, Sandberg DE, Matthews M, Skolnick N, Katz J.
Depressive and anxiety disorders in anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.
The International Journal of Eating Disorders. 1992;12:21-29.

Sandberg DE, Ehrhardt A, Ince S, Meyer-Bahlburg HFL.
Gender differences in children's and adolescents' career aspirations. A follow-up study.
Journal of Adolescent Research. 1991;6:371-386.

Sandberg DE, Smith M, Fornari V, Goldstein M Lifshitz F.
Nonorganic nutritional dwarfing: Is it a consequence of disturbed psychosocial functioning?
Pediatrics. 1991;88:926-933.

Sandberg DE, Meyer-Bahlburg HFL, Yager T.
The child behavior checklist nonclinical standardization samples: should they be utilized as norms?
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 1990;30:124- 134.

Sandberg DE, Meyer-Bahlburg HFL, Rosen TS, Johnson HL.
Effects of prenatal methadone exposure on sex-dimorphic behavior in early school-age children.
Psychoneuroendocrinology. 1990;15:77-82.

Sandberg DE, Meyer-Bahlburg HFL, Aranoff GS, Sconzo JM*, Hensle TW.
Boys with hypospadias: A survey of behavioral difficulties.
Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 1989;14: 491-514.

Sandberg DE, Rotheram-Borus MJ, Bradley J, Martin J.
Methodological issues in assessing AIDS prevention programs.
Journal of Adolescent Research. 1988;3:413-418.

Sandberg DE, Ehrhardt A, Mellins C, Meyer-Bahlburg HFL.
The influence of individual and family characteristics upon career aspirations of girls during childhood and adolescence.
Sex Roles. 1987;16:649-668.

Field TM, Sandberg DE, Goldstein S, Garcia R, Vega-Lahr N, Porter K, Dowling M.
Play interactions and interviews of depressed and conduct disorder children and their mothers.
Child Psychiatry and Human Development. 1987;17:213-234.

Field T, Sandberg DE, Garcia R, Quetel TA.
Effects of ultrasound feedback on pregnancy anxiety, fetal activity and neonatal outcome.
Obstetrics and Gynecology. 1985;66:525-528.

Field T, Sandberg DE, Garcia R, Vega-Lahr N, Goldstein S, Guy L.
Pregnancy problems, postpartum depression and early mother-infant interactions.
Developmental Psychology. 1985; 21:1152- 1156.

Sandberg DE, David S, Stewart J.
Effects of estradiol benzoate on the pattern of eating and ethanol consumption.
Physiology and Behavior. 1982;29:61-65.

Sandberg DE, Stewart J, Amit Z.
Changes in ethanol consumption during pregnancy of the rat.
Journal of Studies on Alcohol. 1982;43:137-145.

Sandberg DE, Stewart J.
The effects of estradiol benzoate and MER-25 on ethanol consumption in the ovariectomized rat.
Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology. 1982;96:635-648.

Sandberg DE, Segal M.
Pharmacological analysis of analgesia and self- stimulation elicited by electrical stimulation of catecholamine nuclei in the rat brain.
Brain Research. 1978;152:529-542.

Segal M, Sandberg DE.
Analgesia produced by electrical stimulation of catecholamine nuclei in the rat brain.
Brain Research. 1977;123:369-372.


(B) Letters to the Editor

Sandberg DE.
Comments on "Short Adult Stature and Overweight Are Associated with Poor Intellectual Performance in Subjects Born Preterm" by Lundgren et al., Hormone Research.
Paediatrics 2011;75:138–145 Hormone Research in Pædiatrics 2011;75:146-147.

Sandberg DE, Rolston A*, Oyesanya T*, Keegan C, Vilain E.
Gender identity stability and diagnosis in 5α-reductase deficiency.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2011; Published September 14.

Dreger A, Sandberg DE, Feder EK.
From principles to process in disorders of sex development (DSD) care.
Horm Res Pædiatr. 2010;74(6):419–20.

Bukowski WM, Noll RB, Fung CM, Sandberg DE.
Height and social adjustment: In reply.
Pediatrics. 2005;115:516- 517.

Berenbaum SA, Sandberg DE.
Sex determination, differentiation, and identity.
New England Journal of Medicine. 2004;350 (21):2204.


Sandberg DE.
Quality of life and self-esteem in children treated for idiopathic short stature.
Journal of Pediatrics. 2003;143:691.

Sandberg DE, Kranzler J, Bukowski WM, Rosenbloom AL.
Psychosocial aspects of short stature and growth hormone therapy.
Journal of Pediatrics. 1999;135:133-134.

Sandberg DE, MacGillivray MH.
Adult height and psychological adaptation - authors’ response.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 1998;83:4534.


(C) Editorial Commentaries for Growth, Genetics and Hormones

Sandberg DE.
Treatment guidelines for children with disorders of sex development.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2009;25(1):39-41.

Sallinen B, Sandberg DE.
Prevention of pediatric obesity: Meta-analysis of behavioral interventions.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2009;25(1):21-22.

Sallinen B, Sandberg DE.
Pediatric obesity: Meta-analysis of non-surgical interventions.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2009;25(1):19-21.

Vilain E, Sandberg DE.
Disorders of Sex Development: Nomenclature. Letter to the Editor.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2009;25(1):9-10.

Sandberg DE.
Genital function and sensitivity following feminizing surgery.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2008;24 (2):52-53.


Sandberg DE.
Adult height of treated congenital adrenal hyperplasia patients.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2008;24(2):38-40.

Sandberg DE.
Gender of growth hormone recipients in the US and globally.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2008;24(2):35-36.

Sandberg DE.
Height and health-related quality of life. [e- abstract].
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2008;24(1).

Sandberg DE.
Dosing of growth hormone therapy according to IGF levels. [e-abstract].
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2008;24(1).

Sandberg DE.
Stature and status: height, ability, and labor market outcomes. [e-abstract].
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2007;23(2).

Sandberg DE.
Cognitive functions in children at risk of CAH treated prenatally with dexamethasone. [e-abstract].
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2007;23(2).

Sandberg DE.
Focusing illusion: wealth, height, and happiness.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2007;23(2):27- 28.

Sandberg DE.
Timing of menarche and the origins of conduct disorder. [e-abstract].
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2007;23(1).

Sandberg DE.
Growth attenuation in developmental disabilities. [e-abstract].
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2007;23(1):12-13.

Sandberg DE.
Transitioning children with chronic diseases to adult care. [e-abstract].
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2006;22(4).

Sandberg DE.
Consensus statement on management of intersex disorders. [e-abstract].
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2006;22(4).

Sandberg, DE.
Autistic-like traits associated with elevated prenatal androgens. [e-abstract].
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2006;22(4).

Sandberg DE.
Quality of life and mental health in adolescents seeking bariatric surgery. [e-abstract].
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2006;22(3).

Sandberg DE.
Brain structure and cognitive deficits in Klinefelter’s syndrome. [e-abstract].
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2006;22(3).

Sandberg DE.
Brain function regulation by SRY. [e-abstract].
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2006;22(3).

Sandberg DE.
Idiopathic short stature: psychosocial development and GH treatment.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2006;22(3):46-47.

Sandberg DE.
Impaired cognitive function in congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2006;22(3):39-40.

Sandberg DE.
Truth-telling and Turner syndrome: the importance of diagnostic disclosure. [e-abstract].
Growth, Genetics and Hormones, 2006;22(2).

Sandberg DE.
Effects of GH replacement in adult GH deficiency on patient-reported outcomes and cognitive function: a meta-analysis. [e-abstract].
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2006; 22(2).

Sandberg DE.
IGF-I and IQ in middle childhood.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2005; 22(2):31- 32.

Sandberg DE.
Efficacy of growth hormone during transition from adolescence to adulthood in patients with growth hormone deficiency.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2006;22(1):14.

Sandberg DE.
Motivations for GH/GnRHa treatment and psychosocial functioning.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2006;22(1):12.

Sandberg DE.
Adult height in Turner syndrome.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2005;21(4):60- 61.

Sandberg DE.
Aromatase inhibitor and growth in the pubertal male with GHD.
Genetics and Hormones. 2005;21 (4):57-58.

Sandberg DE.
Compliance with medication recommendations.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2005;21(4):54-55.

Sandberg DE.
Quality of life in Turner syndrome after GH treatment. [e-abstract].
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2005;21(3).

Sandberg DE.
Neuropsychological sequelae and brain function in adults with childhood-onset GHD.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2005;21(3):48.

Sandberg DE.
Psychological benefits of growth hormone in children born small for gestational age. [e-abstract].
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2005;21(2).

Sandberg DE.
Sex differences in patients referred for evaluation of poor growth.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2005;21(2):31.

Sandberg DE.
Colsman M* Assessment of psychosocial aspects of short stature [Feature Article].
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2005;21(2):18-25.

Sandberg DE.
NICHD research planning workshop on intersex. [e -abstract].
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2005;21(1).

Sandberg DE.
Stature and psychosocial adjustment in adulthood.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones 2004;20(4):59- 60.

Sandberg DE.
Ethics guidelines for intersex conditions.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2004;20 (3):43.

Sandberg DE.
Attitudes toward clinical management of intersexuality: The voices of 46,XY adult patients.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2004;20(3):42.

Sandberg DE.
Klinefelter syndrome: Phenotype and new research.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2004;20 (2):31.

Sandberg DE, Williams N.
Sexual outlook for post-surgical ambiguous genitalia patients.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2004;20(2):24.

Sandberg DE.
Non-hormonal genetic influence on brain development.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2004;20(1):14- 15.

Sandberg DE.
Growth hormone effects on quality of life of young adults.
Growth, Genetics and Hormones. 2004;20(1):12- 13.


(D) Invited Articles/Commentaries

Sandberg DE.
It’s not how short you are, but how you got there that counts.
Horm Res Pædiatr. 2011;75:146- 147.

Colsman MD, Sandberg DE.
Interpreting research results: the dangers of scientific jargon.
Cares Foundation Newsletter. 2006;5:8-9.

Sandberg DE.
Growth hormone treatment for short stature: Inferences from FDA decisions and clinical practice.
Atrium. The Report of the Northwestern Medical Humanities and Bioethics Program. 2006;3:15-17. Available at:

Sandberg DE.
Health-related quality of life as a primary endpoint for growth hormone therapy.
Hormone Research. 2006;65:250-252.

Colsman MD, Sandberg DE.
Treating short stature with growth hormones.
Virtual Mentor. Ethics Journal of the American Medical Association. 2005;11. Available at: short15623.pdf


Kogan BA, Williot PE, Sandberg DE, Jones E.

Sandberg DE.
Caring for the short, endocrinologically normal child.
Current Problems in Pediatrics. 1995;25:163- 170.



Disorders of Sex Development: A Survey of Clinical Practice

Disorders of Sex Development: Platform for Basic and Translational Research

Family Education for Confirmed Newborn Screen

Health-Related Quality of Life: A Pediatric Clinical and Research Tool

When Small Children Face Big Medical Decisions